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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Endocannabinoids, Through Opioids And Prostaglandins, Contribute To Fever Induced By Key Pyrogenic Mediators
Author: Fraga
Daniel; Zanoni
Cristiane I. S.; Zampronio
Aleksander R.; Parada
Carlos A.; Rae
Giles A.; Souza
Gloria E. P.
Abstract: This study aims to explore the contribution of endocannabinoids on the cascade of mediators involved in LPS-induced fever and to verify the participation of prostaglandins and endogenous opioids in fever induced by anandamide (AEA). Body temperature (Tc) of male Wistar rats was recorded over 6 h, using a thermistor probe. Cerebrospinal fluid concentration of PGE(2) and beta-endorphin were measured by ELISA after the administration of AEA. Intracerebroventricular administration of the CBI receptor antagonist AM251 (5 pig, i.c.v.), reduced the fever induced by IL-1 beta (3 ng, i.c.v.), TNF-alpha (250 ng, i.c.v.), IL-6 (300 ng, i.c.v.), corticotrophin release factor (CRH; 2.5 mu g, i.c.v.) and endothelin (ET)-1 (1 pmol, i.c.v.), but not the fever induced by PGE(2) (250 ng, i.c.v.) or PGF(2 alpha), (250 ng, i.c.v.). Systemic administration of indomethacin (2 mg kg(-1), i.p.) or celecoxib (5 mg kg(-1), p.o.) reduced the fever induced by AEA (1 mu g, i.c.v.), while naloxone (1 mg kg(-1), s.c.) abolished it. The increases of PGE(2) and beta-endorphin concentration in the CSF induced by AEA were abolished by the pretreatment of rats with AM251. These results suggest that endocannabinoids are intrinsically involved in the pyretic activity of cytokines (IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, IL-6), CRH and ET-1 but not the PGE(2) or PGF(2 alpha), induced fevers. However, anandamide via CB1 receptor activation induces fever that is dependent on the synthesis of prostaglandin and opioids. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Receptor-selective Antagonist
Cannabinoid 1 Receptors
Cb1 Receptors
Endogenous Cannabinoids
Independent Fever
Country: SAN DIEGO
Citation: Endocannabinoids, Through Opioids And Prostaglandins, Contribute To Fever Induced By Key Pyrogenic Mediators. Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 51, p. 204-211 JAN-2016.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2015.08.014
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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