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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect Of Photodamage On The Outermost Cuticle Layer Of Human Hair
Author: Richena
M.; Rezende
C. A.
Abstract: The surface of the hair is the region most exposed to solar radiation and to the environment in general. Many of the well-known damaging effects of sun exposure on hair must start or even be restricted to the most external cuticle layers. As such, this work investigates morphological, ultrastructural and chemical changes in the outermost cuticle layer of dark brown hair, using atomic force microscopy (AFM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). The results showed that after 230 h of irradiation with a mercury lamp, small bumps with globular shape (heights lying in the 1-5 nm range) appeared on the cuticle surface and their size increased with increasing irradiation times. In addition, the enlargement of pre-existing holes was also observed (holes increase around 350% in depth) and the height of the steps formed between the edges of two cuticle scales increased around 65%, as a result of 500 h of irradiation. The damages in hair strands were accurately identified by analyzing exactly the same surface region before and after irradiation by AFM images. Finally, the results were discussed in terms of the chemical differences between the non-irradiated and the irradiated hair, for instance, the increased level of cystine oxidation as a consequence of photodegradation. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Atomic-force Microscopy
Photochemical Alterations
Citation: Effect Of Photodamage On The Outermost Cuticle Layer Of Human Hair. Elsevier Science Sa, v. 153, p. 296-304 DEC-2015.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.10.008
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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