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Type: Artigo
Title: Diel oscillations in cell wall components and soluble sugars as a response to short-day in sugarcane (Saccharum sp.)
Author: Alves, Leonardo Cardoso
Portilla Llerena, Juan Pablo
Mazzafera, Paulo
Vicentini, Renato
Abstract: Sugarcane is a tropical crop that can accumulate high concentration of sucrose in the stem as a storage carbohydrate. For that reason, sugarcane accounts for approximately 75% of all the sugar produced in the world and has become the main sugar source to produce first-generation bioethanol in Brazil. Daily rhythms cause plants to adapt and coordinate their metabolism to achieve maximum photosynthesis and carbohydrate production throughout the day. Circadian rhythms arise from the interaction of an internal oscillator and external stimuli, whereas diel rhythms occur in response to a light-dark cycle. Diel signalling contributes to synchronizing circadian rhythms to photoperiods, and levels of carbohydrates oscillate in a diel fashion. Under regular photoperiods, they are synthesized during the daytime and consumed throughout the night as an energy reserve. However, short days can induce higher rates of synthesis during daytime and lower rates of consumption in the dark. Cell wall carbohydrates are also diurnally regulated, and it has been shown that celluloses, hemicelluloses and pectin are deposited/degraded at different times of the day. To assess the diel carbohydrate profile in young sugarcane plants, we measured soluble sugars and cell wall components along a time course in plants subjected either to a regular day or short day.ResultsShort-day influenced sucrose synthesis and cell wall components. In short-day a 44% increase in sucrose concentration was detected in the dark, but was stable during the day. Cellulose, hemicellulose and pectin also fluctuate within a 24h interval when subjected to a short day. A 38% increase in leaf sheath cellulose was observed from the middle of the day to the first hour of the night. Leaf sheath pectin and hemicellulose also increased from the day to the night, while it decreased in leaves.ConclusionsThe presented data show diurnal patterns of soluble sugar metabolism together with temporal regulation of cell wall metabolism for a short day, suggesting that diel signalling has a role in how sugarcane manages sugar accumulation and partitioning. Understanding cell wall synthesis/degradation dynamics may help to improve the yield of sugarcane
Subject: Cana-de-açucar
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Springer Nature
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1186/s12870-019-1837-4
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos
CBMEG - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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