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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Analysis of magnetic resonance imaging characteristics and pain in temporomandibular joints with and without degenerative changes of the condyle
Author: Campos, MIG
Campos, PSF
Cangussu, MCT
Guimaraes, RC
Line, SRP
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and magnetic resonance imaging characteristics in 104 TMJs with and 58 without degenerative changes of the condyle, such as osteophytes, erosion, avascular necrosis, subcondral cyst and intra-articular loose bodies. TMJ images were also assessed for flattening, retropositioning and hypomobility of condyle and disc displacement. Comparison of the TMJ side-related data showed a significant relationship between disc displacement without reduction (DDwoR) and the presence of degenerative bony changes (p = 0.00). Flattening, retropositioning and hypomobility of condyle showed no significant difference in relation to the presence or absence of degenerative bony changes. Retropositioning of the condyle was significantly associated to disc displacement with reduction (DDwR) (p = 0.00), while condylar hypomobility was significantly more frequent in TMJ with DDwoR (p < 0.05). Independent of the presence or type of DD, TMJ pain was more frequent in the presence of degenerative bony changes. When considering only DDwR, TMJ pain was significantly associated to a degenerative condition (p = 0.03). When there were no degenerative bony changes, TMJ pain was significantly more frequent in DDwoR (p = 0.04). Despite the present findings, the absence of symptoms in some patients with condylar bony changes suggests that the diagnosis of osteoarthritis should be established by evaluation of magnetic resonance images in association with clinical examination.
Subject: magnetic resonance imaging
temporomandibular joint
temporomandibular disorder
disc displacement
Country: Escócia
Editor: Churchill Livingstone
Citation: International Journal Of Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery. Churchill Livingstone, v. 37, n. 6, n. 529, n. 534, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ijom.2008.02.011
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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