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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Chronic periodontitis and pre-term labour in Brazilian pregnant women: an association to be analysed
Author: Santos-Pereira, SA
Giraldo, PC
Saba-Chujfi, E
Amaral, RLG
Morais, SS
Fachini, AM
Goncalves, AKS
Abstract: Aim: To investigate the association between chronic periodontitis (CP) and pre-maturity in a group of Brazilian pregnant women from the State of Sao Paulo. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-four women were investigated consecutively in a cross-sectional study, between December 2003 and May 2005. Sixty-eight women had pre-term labour (PTL) and 56 had term labour. A periodontal examination was carried out to identify the presence of CP. Statistical analysis used the Fisher's exact test or chi(2) for the discrete variables and the Mann-Whitney test for the non-parametric variables. Odds ratio (OR) was calculated with a 95% confidence interval (CI), to evaluate the relation between CP and pre-maturity. Results: Periodontal indicators, such as clinical attachment loss (p < 0.0001) and bleeding on probing (p=0.012), were observed more in the PTL group. The presence of CP increased the risk for PTL (OR: 4.7, 95% CI: 1.9-11.9), pre-term birth (PTB; OR: 4.9, 95% CI: 1.9-12.8) and low birth weight (< 2500 g; OR: 4.2, 95% CI: 1.3-13.3). The pregnant women with PTL presented low levels of schooling (p=0.029) and the lowest number of pre-natal appointments (p=0.0001) when compared with those with term labour. Conclusion: CP is strongly associated with PTL, PTB and low birth weight in a group of Brazilian pregnant women. These data point to the necessity of regularly investigating CP during pregnancy.
Subject: chronic periodontitis
low birth weight
periodontal diseases
pre-term birth
pre-term labour
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Blackwell Publishing
Citation: Journal Of Clinical Periodontology. Blackwell Publishing, v. 34, n. 3, n. 208, n. 213, 2007.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006.01038.x
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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