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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Modulatory effects of yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) on the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of yerba mate (YM) extract on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT signaling pathway in vivo. The mice were introduced to either standard- or high-fat diet (HFD). After 8 weeks on an HFD, mice were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment conditions, water or yerba mate extract at 1.0 g/kg. After treatment, glucose blood level and hepatic insulin response were evaluated. Liver tissue was examined to determine the mRNA levels using the PI3K-AKT PCR array. The nuclear translocation of forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) was determined by an electrophoretic mobility-shift assay. Our data demonstrated that yerba mate extract significantly decreased the final body weight, glucose blood levels, and insulin resistance of mice. Molecular analysis demonstrated that an HFD downregulated Akt2, Irs1, Irs2, Pi3kca, Pi3kcg, and Pdk1; after yerba mate treatment, the levels of those genes returned to baseline. In addition, an HFD upregulated Pepck and G6pc and increased FOXO1 nuclear translocation. The intervention downregulated these genes by decreasing FOXO1 nuclear translocation. The results obtained demonstrate for the first time the specific action of yerba mate on the PI3K-AKT pathway, which contributed to the observed improvement in hepatic insulin signaling.|
|Citation:||Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. Wiley-blackwell, v. 57, n. 10, n. 1882, n. 1885, 2013.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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