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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Protein restriction in early life is associated with changes in insulin sensitivity and pancreatic beta-cell function during pregnancy|
|Abstract:||Malnutrition in early life impairs glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in adulthood. Conversely, pregnancy is associated with a significant increase in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion under conditions of normoglycaemia. A failure in beta-cell adaptive changes may contribute to the onset of diabetes. Thus, glucose homeostasis and beta-cell function were evaluated in control-fed pregnant (CP) and non-pregnant (CNP) or protein-restricted pregnant (LPP) and non-pregnant (LPNP) rats, from fetal to adult life, and in protein-restricted rats that were recovered after weaning (RP and RNP). The typical insulin resistance of pregnancy was not observed in the RP rats, nor did pregnancy increase the insulin content/islet in the LPP group. The glucose dose-response curves from pregnant rats were shifted to the left in relation to the nonpregnant rats, except in the recovered group. Glucose utilisation but not oxidation in islets from the RP and LPP groups was reduced at a concentration of 8.3mM-glucose compared with islets from the CP group. Cyclic AMP content and the potentiation of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by isobutylmethylxanthine at a concentration of 2.8mM-glucose indicated increased adenylyl cyclase 3 activity but reduced protein kinase A-alpha activity in islets from the RP and LPP rats. Protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha but not phospholipase C (PLC)-beta 1 expression was reduced in islets from the RP group. Phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate produced a less potent stimulation of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in the RP group. Thus, the alterations exhibited by islets from the LPP group appeared to be due to reduced islet mass and/or insulin biosynthesis. In the RP group the loss of the adaptive capacity apparently resulted from uncoupling between glucose metabolism and the amplifying signals of the secretory process, as well as a severe attenuation of the PLC/PKC pathway.|
|Editor:||Cambridge Univ Press|
|Citation:||British Journal Of Nutrition. Cambridge Univ Press, v. 109, n. 2, n. 236, n. 247, 2013.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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