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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Quinolinate-induced rat striatal excitotoxicity impairs endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase function
Author: Fernandes, AMAP
Landeira-Fernandez, AM
Souza-Santos, P
Carvalho-Alves, PC
Castilho, RF
Abstract: Excessive activation of NMDA glutamate receptors and the resulting loss of intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis may be lethal (excitotoxic) to neurons. Such excitotoxicity can be induced in vivo by intrastriatal infusion of quinolinate, as this substance selectively activates NMDA receptors. The aim of the present research was to investigate whether the in vivo treatment of striatal tissue with quinolinate would lead to an early impairment of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) activity or mitochondrial Ca(2+) sequestration, two intracellular mechanisms involved in Ca(2+) homeostasis and signaling. Sodium quinolinate was infused intrastriatally into adult rats, and 6 h later the brains were removed and the corpora striata dissected. At this time point, striatal sections stained with Fluoro-Jade, a cellular marker of cell death, showed initial signs of neuronal degeneration. In addition, SERCA activity decreased 39% in relation to the activity observed in the control striata. A corresponding decrease of the same magnitude in (45)Ca(2+) uptake by striatal microsomes was also found in the treated striata. Western blot analysis did not indicate any decrease in SERCA levels in striatal tissue after quinolinate infusion. Mitochondrial Ca(2+) sequestration was still preserved in quinolinate-treated striatal tissue when the assay was carried out in the presence of physiological concentrations of ATP and Mg(2+). These results suggest that impairment of the SERCA function may be an early event in excitotoxicity.
Subject: calcium homeostasis
cell death
sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase
quinolinic acid
Country: EUA
Editor: Springer/plenum Publishers
Citation: Neurochemical Research. Springer/plenum Publishers, v. 33, n. 9, n. 1749, n. 1758, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s11064-008-9619-7
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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