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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Periodontal debridement as a therapeutic approach for severe chronic periodontitis: a clinical, microbiological and immunological study
Author: Ribeiro, ED
Bittencourt, S
Sallum, EA
Nociti, FH
Goncalves, RB
Casati, MZ
Abstract: Aim: To clinically, microbiologically and immunologically characterize periodontal debridement as a therapeutic approach for severe chronic periodontitis. Material and Methods: Twenty-five patients presenting at least eight teeth with a probing pocket depth (PPD) of >= 5 mm and bleeding on probing (BOP) were selected and randomly assigned to quadrant-wise scaling and root planing or one session of full-mouth periodontal debridement. The following clinical outcomes were assessed: plaque index, BOP, position of gingival margin, relative attachment level (RAL) and PPD. Real-time PCR was used for quantitative analysis of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay permitted the detection of IL-1 beta, prostaglandin E-2, INF-gamma and IL-10 in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). All the parameters were evaluated at baseline, and at 3 and 6 months after treatment. Results: Both the groups had similar means of PPD reduction and attachment gain over time. Besides a significant reduction in the bacterial level after treatment in both groups, microbiological analysis failed to demonstrate significant differences between them. Finally, no difference was observed between groups with respect to the levels of inflammatory mediators in GCF. Conclusion: Periodontal debridement resulted in a similar clinical, microbiological and immunological outcome when compared with standard scaling and root planing and therefore may be a viable approach to deal with severe chronic periodontitis.
Subject: chronic periodontitis
randomized clinical trial
root planing
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Citation: Journal Of Clinical Periodontology. Wiley-blackwell, v. 35, n. 9, n. 789, n. 798, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01292.x
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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