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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Changes in the frequency of the G137D and W251S mutations in the carboxylesterase E3 gene of Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) populations from Uruguay
Author: de Carvalho, RA
Limia, CEG
Bass, C
de Azeredo-Espin, AML
Abstract: The New World Screwworm (NWS) fly Cochliomyia hominivorax is one of most important myiasis-causing flies in the Neotropics. It is responsible for severe losses to the livestock industry through both mortality and the loss of productivity of infested animals. In Uruguay, NWS represents a significant problem. To date this pest has been controlled by the application of chemical insecticides, mainly the pyrethroid and organophosphate (OP) classes. However, the intensive use of these compounds over many years has led to the evolution of resistance which has the potential to compromise the effectiveness of current control strategies. One mechanism by which resistance has occurred in this and related dipteran species is through two mutations (G137D and W251S) in the carboxylesterase E3 enzyme that have enhanced ability to hydrolyze certain insecticides. In this study changes in the frequency of these mutations in C. hominivorax was investigated in three different Uruguayan regions in 2003 and 2009. All three regions analyzed showed a reduction in the frequency of the G137D mutation and a significant increase in frequency of the W251S mutation, and this may be related to the current intense use of dimethyl-OP and pyrethroid insecticides. The findings of this study provide current information on the frequency of these resistance-associated mutations in NWS in Uruguay and may help select appropriate chemicals for NWS control as part of potential pest management strategies. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Screwworm
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Veterinary Parasitology. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 170, n. 41732, n. 297, n. 301, 2010.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.02.029
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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