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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Serological profiles and evaluation of parasitaemia by PCR and blood culture in individuals chronically infected by Trypanosoma cruzi treated with benzonidazole|
|Abstract:||Objective To evaluate the serological and parasitological status of patients with chronic Chagas disease (CD) after chemotherapy with benzonidazole. methods Retrospective study of patients treated with benzonidazole (5 mg/kg /day for 60 days) between 1980 and 2010. Twenty-nine patients who had CD confirmed by two reagent immunological tests and /or one positive xenodiagnosis before treatment were included. Conventional serology (ELISA and IIF) and parasitological tests (haemoculture and N-PCR) were performed. results At the time of treatment, the mean age of patients was 36 +/- 7.24 years (20-39 years) and the time post-treatment varied from 1 to 29 years. After chemotherapy, all individuals had reagent ELISA and 93.1% had positive results for the IIF test. T. cruzi DNA was detected by N-PCR in 48.3%. Negative results were observed in 41.4% and inconclusive ones in 10.3%. Haemoculture was negative for all individuals. conclusions Our results suggest that N-PCR may be useful in the early identification of therapeutic failure of CD. Although it is difficult to determine parasitological cure in negative N-PCR cases, we can infer that this condition represents a declination of parasitaemia as a favourable consequence of aetiological treatment.|
|Citation:||Tropical Medicine & International Health. Wiley-blackwell, v. 17, n. 3, n. 368, n. 373, 2012.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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