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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Biochemical And Anisotropical Properties Of Tendons|
|Author:||Aparecida de Aro A.|
de Campos Vidal B.
|Abstract:||Tendons are formed by dense connective tissue composed of an abundant extracellular matrix (ECM) that is constituted mainly of collagen molecules, which are organized into fibrils, fibers, fiber bundles and fascicles helicoidally arranged along the largest axis of the tendon. The biomechanical properties of tendons are directly related to the organization of the collagen molecules that aggregate to become a super-twisted cord. In addition to collagen, the ECM of tendons is composed of non-fibrillar components, such as proteoglycans and non-collagenous glycoproteins. The capacity of tendons to resist mechanical stress is directly related to the structural organization of the ECM. Collagen is a biopolymer and presents optical anisotropies, such as birefringence and linear dichroism, that are important optical properties in the characterization of the supramolecular organization of the fibers. The objective of this study was to present a review of the composition and organization of the ECM of tendons and to highlight the importance of the anisotropic optical properties in the study of alterations in the ECM. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.|
|Citation:||Micron. , v. 43, n. 2-3, p. 205 - 214, 2012.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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